Wild Flowers of Pittsburgh

Dipsacaceae

Cut-Leaf Teasel (Dipsacus laciniatus)

Dipsacus-laciniatus-2013-08-21-Cranberry-03

Dipsacus-laciniatus-2013-08-21-Cranberry-01Very similar to the ordinary Teasel (Dipsacus fullonum), but with white flowers rather than pink ones.  In Gray’s time it was known in the North American wild only around Albany, but has since spread from New York to Pennsylvania and much of the Midwest. In Pittsburgh, it seems to be established especially along long-distance expressways, with large stands along Interstate 79 in Robinson Township and more along the Pennsylvania Turnpike; these grew in a debris-strewn vacant lot just off the Pennsylvania Turnpike in Cranberry. They may be thorny and destructive weeds, but they are favorites with bumblebees, as we see above.

Gray describes the genus and the species:

DÍPSACUS [Tourn.] L. TEASEL. Involucre many-leaved, longer than the chaffy leafy-tipped bracts among the densely capitate flowers; each flower with a 4-leaved calyx-like involucel investing the ovary and fruit (achene). Calyx-tube adherent to the ovary, the limb cup-shaped, without a pappus. Corolla nearly regular, 4-cleft. Stamens 4, inserted on the corolla. Style slender.—Stout and coarse biennials, hairy or prickly, with large ovoid-ellipsoid heads. (Name from dipsen, to thirst, probably because the united cup-shaped bases of the leaves in some species hold water. )

D. laciniatus L. Leaves pinnatifid or bipinnatifid, finely and rather conspicuously ciliate; leaves of the involucre lance-linear, spreading, usually shorter than the head. — Established at Albany, N. Y. (Peck). (Adv. from Eu.)


Teasel (Dipsacus fullonum)

Teasels grow everywhere along roadsides; they can be annoyingly invasive, but—like thistles—extraordinarily beautiful if you take the time to admire the form and structure. The name comes from the use to which they were put: fullers used the dried flower heads to tease the fibers on fabrics. Some people still use them for carding wool today.

The spread of this species has been rapid: Gray calls it “rather rare,” which it certainly is not in our area. This was one of a patch blooming in the middle of July near the railroad viaduct at the back end of the South Side flats. Gray describes the genus and the species (which he names as D. sylvestris):

DÍPSACUS [Tourn.] L. TEASEL. Involucre many-leaved, longer than the chaffy leafy-tipped bracts among the densely capitate flowers; each flower with a 4-leaved calyx-like involucel investing the ovary and fruit (achene). Calyx-tube adherent to the ovary, the limb cup-shaped, without a pappus. Corolla nearly regular, 4-cleft. Stamens 4, inserted on the corolla. Style slender.—Stout and coarse biennials, hairy or prickly, with large ovoid-ellipsoid heads. (Name from dipsen, to thirst, probably because the united cup-shaped bases of the leaves in some species hold water. )

D. sylvestris Huds. (WILD Т.) Prickly; leaves lance-oblong, toothed and often prickly on the margin; leaves of the involucre slender, ascending, longer than the head; bracts (chaff) tapering into a long flexible awn with a straight point. —Roadsides, rather rare. (Nat. from Eu.)


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